AG Archäozoologie

Unsere Arbeitsgruppe Archäozoologie besteht aus einem internationalen Team von Forschern, die die  unterschiedlichsten historische Formen der Mensch-Umwelt-Interaktion untersuchen. Das beinhaltete etwa grundlegenden subsistenzbezogene Themen wie Jagdstrategien, Domestizierung und Herdenhaltung, aber auch größere lanschaftsbezogene Fragestellungen der ökologischen Veränderungen und der Stellung des Menschen innerhalb der Raubtierklasse und der Ökosysteme in vergangenen Zeiten. Wie bei allen archäozoologischen Untersuchungen arbeitet unser Team innerhalb eines breiten Netzwerks archäologischer Forschungen. Interdisziplinärer Austausch findet beispielsweise statt mit Spezialisten auf den Fachgebieten der Isotopenuntersuchungen, ancient DNA, Paläoökologie und der Paläontologie., sowie mit den kulturellen Forschungsbereichen und den "klassischen" Archäologiedisziplinen. Die Mitglieder unseres Forschungsteams sind verbunden mit der Arbeitsgruppe des Senckenberg Center for Human Evolution and Palaeoenvironment (HEP) in Tübingen. Seit dem Ruhestand von Prof. Dr. Dr. Hans-Peter Uerpmann im Jahr 2009 leitet Prof. Nicholas J. Conard, Ph.D. die Arbeitsgruppe Archäozoologie. Seit 2012 verstärkt Dr. Britt M. Starkovich das Team und leitet das Tagesgeschäft der Gruppe.

 


Currently, our research focuses on three major regions, though we have significant ongoing work elsewhere. The first area is the Paleolithic occupation of the Swabian Alb. Excellent preservation allows for detailed reconstructions of human subsistence behaviors and diachronic change from the Middle Paleolithic through Mesolithic period. Human diets are evaluated within the context of environmental change in order to determine if subsistence shifts are the result of internal cultural or demographic factors, or larger environmental changes. Issues of site formation processes and taphonomic studies are also addressed. We work closely on these projects with other researchers from the University of Tübingen, including Drs. Hervé Bocherens and Dorothée Drucker (Biogeologie) and Dr. Madelaine Böhme (Terrestrische Paläoklimatologie).


The second main research area is Southwest Asia. Ongoing excavation projects in Syria and Iran have yielded stratified faunal assemblages from the Middle Paleolithic to Neolithic. This work has improved our understanding of local chronologies and developed a picture of human-animal interactions in the region. Of special interest are human and animal dispersal events through the Levant and Arabia, and the origins of animal domestication. Much of the faunal data from these sites are interpreted in conjunction with botanical results from the Archaeobotany research group at Tübingen, led by Dr. Simone Riehl.


The most recent area added to the Zooarchaeology research group is in southern Greece. Faunal analyses are currently underway on three Greek Paleolithic sites in Peloponnese that span from the Middle Paleolithic through Mesolithic. This work is providing an unprecedented look at hominin subsistence change and environmental interactions in a historically understudied region. This research complements the work of Dr. Katerina Harvati’s PaGE project (Paleoanthropology, Tübingen). Additional work is conducted on a Bronze Age through Hellenistic sacrificial altar site, in cooperation with Dr. Susan Mentzer (Geoarchaeology, Tübingen).


In addition to these major areas, substantial research is also being conducted elsewhere in Germany (Schöningen), France (Germolles), South Africa (Sibudu Cave), Armenia, and Georgia. Recent results from Schöningen address the skill of Lower Paleolithic butchers and place hominins at the site in direct competition with large Pleistocene carnivores such as saber-toothed cats. These projects are part of larger Tübingen excavations and involve multiple members from other research groups, as well as ROCEEH (the role of culture in early expansion of humans) team.

Institut für Naturwissenschaftliche Archäologie
Arbeitsgruppe: Archäozoologie

Rümelinstr. 23
72070 Tübingen

 

Ansprechpartner:

Dr. Britt Starkovich

Tel: +49-(0)7071-29-77113

 

Verwaltung
(Burgsteige 11, Schloss Hohentübingen):

Frau Mima Batalovic

Tel: +49-(0)7071-29-76457

Fax: +49-(0)7071-29-5714

Sprechzeiten:
Mo. 08:00-12:00 Uhr
Mi - Fr. 08:00-12:30 Uhr